Web2 vs. Web3, What is the Difference?
When you stop and take a look at the internet, it’s amazing to consider just how far we’ve come. From Web1 to Web2, we now have Web3 to embrace as we appreciate all of the benefits that this is set to bring. We are entering an era where, thanks to Web3, value, and data move across decentralized platforms. This goes hand in hand with distributed ownership and control.
It could be that all talk of the web, and how it works, leaves you a little confused. It could even be that, as a web user, you’ve never really given it much thought. The thing is though, Web3 is quacky gathering place but, in the very near future, it’ll become the norm. Understanding the next generation of the internet will ensure that you’re not left behind, so read on to discover more about Web3, its potential applications, and how it differs from Web2.
Web2 vs. Web3, what is the difference - An overview
If you’re looking to pick out the key facts as quickly as possible then this ‘Web2 vs Web3, what is the difference?’ summary is a great place for you to start. The big takeaway is that Web3 is here with an aim to provide a trustworthy, data-driven, UI that has the ability to cater for every user.
As you’ll see, some of the capabilities of Web3 are already present in Web2. This may leave you wondering what the point of Web3 actually is. Well, as blockchain technology is being adopted by more and more sites and apps, Web3 is evolving. With its principle of decentralisation, users will have more control than ever before. they will own their content and will have complete control over using the internet.
With those key points being identified, let’s get into the detail. Read on to learn more about Web3, and how it differs from Web2.
Web2 vs. Web3 - The major differences
Web2 truly revolutionised the internet. From a user point of view, there was suddenly the ability to put content out there. Previous iterations of the internet were all about consuming content. Web2 meant that everyone could be a creator. It's down to Web2 that we have the giant that is social media. Practically anyone can post on Facebook, Instagram, and Twitter. While the use of an app allows us all to create, the thing is we don’t own or control the content. That’s all down to the major corporations that own the platforms.
While Web3 is still evolving, it offers a huge shift away from data being controlled by corporations, or even governments. Web3 is decentralized, and so it becomes privately managed.
How the internet has evolved
The capabilities of Web3 are nothing short of amazing. This is especially the case when you look back at how things have evolved over a relatively short period of time. From Web1 up to Web3, there are just three short decades between them. Let’s take a look at how it began, and where we’re up to now:
Web1 - 1990 - 2005
Originally, the internet wasn’t even aimed at individuals. it was there for big corporations and, in reality, very few people even understood how to use it. You’d find that companies employed specialists just to find their way around the internet.
It was also the case that a user would be charged for how many pages they visited. This is hard to believe when you look at the unlimited access that we enjoy today. The purpose of Web1 was to deliver content and it’s referred to as a content delivery network. the pages displayed were static and there was no way of interacting. Even in this basic form, the internet began to evolve and during this period the world experienced what was known as the dot com boom.
Web2 - 2006 - present day
This next generation of the internet, Web2, is what we’re all familiar with and what is used around the world today. This version of the internet has been nothing short of revolutionary. It has allowed any user to generate, collect, and share massive amounts of data, all with a simple click.
We have also seen the app market grow and grow. There are hundreds of new apps appearing every single day. The growth of the smartphone, with its internet capabilities, has ensured that Web2 is accessible by practically everyone.
The big change that was ushered in with Web2 was that any user was now able to create content. They were able to share this across a network, or a whole host of networks. The likes of Facebook and Snapchat were born as well as the possibility for anyone to start a blog, post a video on YouTube, or even release a podcast. We’re still enjoying these things today, even as we start to move towards Web3.
Web3 - On its way very soon!
Web3 is the latest development when it comes to the internet. It is hugely anticipated as it is based upon advanced technology such as artificial intelligence. You can’t escape the fanfare surrounding the blockchain, the metaverse, and the Semantic Web. All of these advancements in technology will be leveraged through Web3.
It is perhaps blockchain that holds the biggest significance. The principles behind blockchain mean that it has to be decentralized. This leads to Web3 being decentralized too. What this means for every user is that they own their content. Rather than a network or a platform having any control over what you have produced, the control remains with you - the user and the creator.
Web2 vs. Web3 - a closer look
When you take a close look at Web2 and Web3, the truth is that they are extremely similar technology and that they also have similar backgrounds. To understand the differences that exist, you need to know the purpose behind each. In essence, Web2 is there with its focus on writing content as well as allowing for it to be read. with Web3, there is a shift to creation (Semantic Web). This sees Web3 utilizing tech to facilitate information interchange between web users all while increasing security in cyberspace.
Web2, through the likes of social media, allowed any user to connect with another. Web3 seeks to increase trust through decentralisation. Other differences that you can see when looking more classy include:
When you make a payment on Web2, you’ll be using fiat currency. This is the traditional form of money that is controlled by governments and banks. When you look at Web3, and thanks to blockchain technology, payments are made using cryptocurrencies. This means that, as a user, you can complete transactions with the crypto currencies like but not limited to Bitcoin, Ethereum, and Doge.
The network assumes control for information storage when it comes to Web2. The result of this is that there are concerns around the protection of data, as well as anonymity. Web3 does away with this issue. It allows for data exchange to take place in several locations all at the same time.
Ask any user what matters to them about the internet and you can be sure that speed will be somewhere among the answers. The reality is that transfers are quicker on Web2 than they are on Web3. That’s because Web2 is scanning information that is in a fixed place, such as a single server. Web3, being decentralized, assigns ownership to numerous others.
Web2 involves all that we’ve got used to such as social bookmarking, podcasts, blogs, RSS feeds, and video sites. Web3, on the other hand, incorporates artificial intelligence and machine learning. There are also virtual worlds and 3D portals to consider.
The key benefits of Web3
The biggest single benefit that Web3 has to offer is the fact that it’s decentralized. By utilizing blockchain, corruption sees a decrease thanks to the fact that distributed ledgers are public and transparent. As well as decentralisation, other benefits include:
With Web3, every user will have control of their data. They can choose whether to share this or to keep it private.
Thanks to blockchain, the internet will be less susceptible to hacks. The network is extremely hard to break into and, even when there is a degree of success, every activity is logged for all to see. A decentralized system isn’t immune to hacks, but they are certainly much less likely.
This is the next phase when it comes to how the internet is evolving. The Semantic Web improves the whole experience of web-based platforms. A user can utilise semantic technologies and create online data repositories, define vocabularies, and also to establish data handling rules.
Web3 offers a whole new level of connectivity. This connectivity leads to a much improves user experience and takes the internet to the next level.